Publisher Realtime example using custom nodesΒΆ

The purpose of this example file is to use the custom nodes of the XML file(pubDataModel.xml) for publisher. This Publisher example uses the two custom nodes (PublisherCounterVariable and Pressure) created using the XML file(pubDataModel.xml) for publishing the packet. The pubDataModel.csv will contain the nodeids of custom nodes(object and variables) and the nodeids of the custom nodes are harcoded inside the addDataSetField API. This example uses two threads namely the Publisher and UserApplication. The Publisher thread is used to publish data at every cycle. The UserApplication thread serves the functionality of the Control loop, which increments the counterdata to be published by the Publisher and also writes the published data in a csv along with transmission timestamp.

Run steps of the Publisher application as mentioned below:

./bin/examples/pubsub_nodeset_rt_publisher -i <iface>

For more information run ./bin/examples/pubsub_nodeset_rt_publisher -h.

#define _GNU_SOURCE

/* For thread operations */
#include <pthread.h>

#include <open62541/server.h>
#include <open62541/server_config_default.h>
#include <open62541/plugin/log_stdout.h>
#include <open62541/types_generated.h>
#include <open62541/plugin/pubsub_ethernet.h>

#include "ua_pubsub.h"
#include "open62541/namespace_example_publisher_generated.h"

/* to find load of each thread
 * ps -L -o pid,pri,%cpu -C pubsub_nodeset_rt_publisher */

/* Configurable Parameters */
/* Cycle time in milliseconds */
#define             DEFAULT_CYCLE_TIME                    0.25
/* Qbv offset */
#define             QBV_OFFSET                            25 * 1000
#define             DEFAULT_SOCKET_PRIORITY               3
#define             PUBLISHER_ID                          2234
#define             WRITER_GROUP_ID                       101
#define             DATA_SET_WRITER_ID                    62541
#define             PUBLISHING_MAC_ADDRESS                "opc.eth://01-00-5E-7F-00-01:8.3"
#define             PORT_NUMBER                           62541

/* Non-Configurable Parameters */
/* Milli sec and sec conversion to nano sec */
#define             MILLI_SECONDS                         1000 * 1000
#define             SECONDS                               1000 * 1000 * 1000
#define             SECONDS_SLEEP                         5
#define             DEFAULT_PUB_SCHED_PRIORITY            78
#define             DEFAULT_PUBSUB_CORE                   2
#define             DEFAULT_USER_APP_CORE                 3
#define             MAX_MEASUREMENTS                      30000000
#define             SECONDS_INCREMENT                     1
#define             CLOCKID                               CLOCK_TAI
#define             ETH_TRANSPORT_PROFILE                 ""

/* Below mentioned parameters can be provided as input using command line arguments
 * If user did not provide the below mentioned parameters as input through command line
 * argument then default value will be used */
static UA_Double  cycleTimeMsec   = DEFAULT_CYCLE_TIME;
static UA_Boolean consolePrint    = UA_FALSE;
static UA_Int32   socketPriority  = DEFAULT_SOCKET_PRIORITY;
static UA_Int32   pubPriority     = DEFAULT_PUB_SCHED_PRIORITY;
static UA_Int32   pubSubCore      = DEFAULT_PUBSUB_CORE;
static UA_Int32   userAppCore     = DEFAULT_USER_APP_CORE;
static UA_Boolean useSoTxtime     = UA_TRUE;

/* User application Pub will wakeup at the 30% of cycle time and handles the */
/* user data write in Information model */
/* First 30% is left for subscriber for future use*/
static UA_Double  userAppWakeupPercentage = 0.3;
/* Publisher will sleep for 60% of cycle time and then prepares the */
/* transmission packet within 40% */
/* after some prototyping and analyzing it */
static UA_Double  pubWakeupPercentage     = 0.6;
static UA_Boolean fileWrite = UA_FALSE;

/* If the Hardcoded publisher MAC addresses need to be changed,

/* Set server running as true */
UA_Boolean          running = UA_TRUE;
UA_UInt16           nsIdx = 0;
/* Variables corresponding to PubSub connection creation,
 * published data set and writer group */
UA_NodeId           connectionIdent;
UA_NodeId           publishedDataSetIdent;
UA_NodeId           writerGroupIdent;
/* Variables for counter data handling in address space */
UA_UInt64           *pubCounterData;
UA_DataValue        *pubDataValueRT;
/* Variables for counter data handling in address space */
UA_Double           *pressureData;
UA_DataValue        *pressureValueRT;

/* File to store the data and timestamps for different traffic */
FILE               *fpPublisher;
char               *fileName      = "publisher_T1.csv";
/* Array to store published counter data */
UA_UInt64           publishCounterValue[MAX_MEASUREMENTS];
UA_Double           pressureValues[MAX_MEASUREMENTS];
size_t              measurementsPublisher  = 0;
/* Array to store timestamp */
struct timespec     publishTimestamp[MAX_MEASUREMENTS];

/* Thread for publisher */
pthread_t           pubthreadID;
struct timespec     dataModificationTime;

/* Thread for user application*/
pthread_t           userApplicationThreadID;

typedef struct {
UA_Server*                   ServerRun;
} serverConfigStruct;

/* Structure to define thread parameters */
typedef struct {
UA_Server*                   server;
void*                        data;
UA_ServerCallback            callback;
UA_Duration                  interval_ms;
UA_UInt64*                   callbackId;
} threadArg;

/* Publisher thread routine for ETF */
void *publisherETF(void *arg);
/* User application thread routine */
void *userApplicationPub(void *arg);
/* To create multi-threads */
static pthread_t threadCreation(UA_Int32 threadPriority, UA_Int32 coreAffinity, void *(*thread) (void *),
                                char *applicationName, void *serverConfig);

/* Stop signal */
static void stopHandler(int sign) {
    UA_LOG_INFO(UA_Log_Stdout, UA_LOGCATEGORY_SERVER, "received ctrl-c");
    running = UA_FALSE;

Nanosecond field handling

Nanosecond field in timespec is checked for overflowing and one second is added to seconds field and nanosecond field is set to zero

    while (timeSpecValue->tv_nsec > (SECONDS -1)) {
        /* Move to next second and remove it from ns field */
        timeSpecValue->tv_sec  += SECONDS_INCREMENT;
        timeSpecValue->tv_nsec -= SECONDS;


Custom callback handling

Custom callback thread handling overwrites the default timer based callback function with the custom (user-specified) callback interval.

/* Add a callback for cyclic repetition */
static UA_StatusCode
addPubSubApplicationCallback(UA_Server *server, UA_NodeId identifier,
                             UA_ServerCallback callback,
                             void *data, UA_Double interval_ms,
                             UA_DateTime *baseTime, UA_TimerPolicy timerPolicy,
                             UA_UInt64 *callbackId) {
    /* Initialize arguments required for the thread to run */
    threadArg *threadArguments = (threadArg *) UA_malloc(sizeof(threadArg));

    /* Pass the value required for the threads */
    threadArguments->server      = server;
    threadArguments->data        = data;
    threadArguments->callback    = callback;
    threadArguments->interval_ms = interval_ms;
    threadArguments->callbackId  = callbackId;
    /* Create the publisher thread with the required priority and core affinity */
    char threadNamePub[10] = "Publisher";
    pubthreadID            = threadCreation(pubPriority, pubSubCore, publisherETF, threadNamePub, threadArguments);

static UA_StatusCode
changePubSubApplicationCallback(UA_Server *server, UA_NodeId identifier,
                                UA_UInt64 callbackId, UA_Double interval_ms,
                                UA_DateTime *baseTime, UA_TimerPolicy timerPolicy) {
    /* Callback interval need not be modified as it is thread based implementation.
     * The thread uses nanosleep for calculating cycle time and modification in
     * nanosleep value changes cycle time */

/* Remove the callback added for cyclic repetition */
static void
removePubSubApplicationCallback(UA_Server *server, UA_NodeId identifier, UA_UInt64 callbackId){
    if(callbackId && (pthread_join(callbackId, NULL) != 0))
                       "Pthread Join Failed thread: %ld\n", callbackId);

External data source handling

If the external data source is written over the information model, the externalDataWriteCallback will be triggered. The user has to take care and assure that the write leads not to synchronization issues and race conditions.

static UA_StatusCode
externalDataWriteCallback(UA_Server *server, const UA_NodeId *sessionId,
                          void *sessionContext, const UA_NodeId *nodeId,
                          void *nodeContext, const UA_NumericRange *range,
                          const UA_DataValue *data){
    //node values are updated by using variables in the memory
    //UA_Server_write is not used for updating node values.

static UA_StatusCode
externalDataReadNotificationCallback(UA_Server *server, const UA_NodeId *sessionId,
                                     void *sessionContext, const UA_NodeId *nodeid,
                                     void *nodeContext, const UA_NumericRange *range){
    //allow read without any preparation

PubSub connection handling

Create a new ConnectionConfig. The addPubSubConnection function takes the config and creates a new connection. The Connection identifier is copied to the NodeId parameter.

static void
addPubSubConnection(UA_Server *server, UA_NetworkAddressUrlDataType *networkAddressUrlPub){
    /* Details about the connection configuration and handling are located
     * in the pubsub connection tutorial */
    UA_PubSubConnectionConfig connectionConfig;
    memset(&connectionConfig, 0, sizeof(connectionConfig));                                   = UA_STRING("Publisher Connection");
    connectionConfig.enabled                                = UA_TRUE;
    UA_NetworkAddressUrlDataType networkAddressUrl          = *networkAddressUrlPub;
    connectionConfig.transportProfileUri                    = UA_STRING(ETH_TRANSPORT_PROFILE);
    UA_Variant_setScalar(&connectionConfig.address, &networkAddressUrl,
    connectionConfig.publisherId.numeric                    = PUBLISHER_ID;
    /* Connection options are given as Key/Value Pairs - Sockprio and Txtime */
    UA_KeyValuePair connectionOptions[2];
    connectionOptions[0].key = UA_QUALIFIEDNAME(0, "sockpriority");
    UA_UInt32 sockPriority   = (UA_UInt32)socketPriority;
    UA_Variant_setScalar(&connectionOptions[0].value, &sockPriority, &UA_TYPES[UA_TYPES_UINT32]);
    connectionOptions[1].key = UA_QUALIFIEDNAME(0, "enablesotxtime");
    UA_Boolean enableTxTime  = UA_TRUE;
    UA_Variant_setScalar(&connectionOptions[1].value, &enableTxTime, &UA_TYPES[UA_TYPES_BOOLEAN]);
    connectionConfig.connectionProperties     = connectionOptions;
    connectionConfig.connectionPropertiesSize = 2;
    UA_Server_addPubSubConnection(server, &connectionConfig, &connectionIdent);

PublishedDataSet handling

Details about the connection configuration and handling are located in the pubsub connection tutorial

static void
addPublishedDataSet(UA_Server *server) {
    UA_PublishedDataSetConfig publishedDataSetConfig;
    memset(&publishedDataSetConfig, 0, sizeof(UA_PublishedDataSetConfig));
    publishedDataSetConfig.publishedDataSetType = UA_PUBSUB_DATASET_PUBLISHEDITEMS;                 = UA_STRING("Demo PDS");
    UA_Server_addPublishedDataSet(server, &publishedDataSetConfig, &publishedDataSetIdent);

DataSetField handling

The DataSetField (DSF) is part of the PDS and describes exactly one published field.

/* This example only uses two addDataSetField which uses the custom nodes of the XML file
 * (pubDataModel.xml) */
static void
addDataSetField(UA_Server *server) {
    UA_NodeId dataSetFieldIdent;
    UA_DataSetFieldConfig dsfConfig;
    memset(&dsfConfig, 0, sizeof(UA_DataSetFieldConfig));
    pubCounterData = UA_UInt64_new();
    *pubCounterData = 0;
    pubDataValueRT = UA_DataValue_new();
    UA_Variant_setScalar(&pubDataValueRT->value, pubCounterData, &UA_TYPES[UA_TYPES_UINT64]);
    pubDataValueRT->hasValue = UA_TRUE;
    /* Set the value backend of the above create node to 'external value source' */
    UA_ValueBackend valueBackend;
    valueBackend.backendType = UA_VALUEBACKENDTYPE_EXTERNAL;
    valueBackend.backend.external.value = &pubDataValueRT;
    valueBackend.backend.external.callback.userWrite = externalDataWriteCallback;
    valueBackend.backend.external.callback.notificationRead = externalDataReadNotificationCallback;
    /* If user need to change the nodeid of the custom nodes in the application then it must be
     * changed inside the xml and .csv file inside examples\pubsub_realtime\nodeset\*/
    /* The nodeid of the Custom node PublisherCounterVariable is 2005 which is used below */
    UA_Server_setVariableNode_valueBackend(server, UA_NODEID_NUMERIC(nsIdx, 2005), valueBackend);
    /* setup RT DataSetField config */
    dsfConfig.field.variable.rtValueSource.rtInformationModelNode = UA_TRUE;
    dsfConfig.field.variable.publishParameters.publishedVariable =  UA_NODEID_NUMERIC(nsIdx, 2005);
    UA_Server_addDataSetField(server, publishedDataSetIdent, &dsfConfig, &dataSetFieldIdent);
    UA_NodeId dataSetFieldIdent1;
    UA_DataSetFieldConfig dsfConfig1;
    memset(&dsfConfig1, 0, sizeof(UA_DataSetFieldConfig));
    pressureData = UA_Double_new();
    *pressureData = 17.07;
    pressureValueRT = UA_DataValue_new();
    UA_Variant_setScalar(&pressureValueRT->value, pressureData, &UA_TYPES[UA_TYPES_DOUBLE]);
    pressureValueRT->hasValue = UA_TRUE;
    /* Set the value backend of the above create node to 'external value source' */
    UA_ValueBackend valueBackend1;
    valueBackend1.backendType = UA_VALUEBACKENDTYPE_EXTERNAL;
    valueBackend1.backend.external.value = &pressureValueRT;
    valueBackend1.backend.external.callback.userWrite = externalDataWriteCallback;
    valueBackend1.backend.external.callback.notificationRead = externalDataReadNotificationCallback;
    /* The nodeid of the Custom node Pressure is 2006 which is used below */
    UA_Server_setVariableNode_valueBackend(server, UA_NODEID_NUMERIC(nsIdx, 2006), valueBackend1);
    /* setup RT DataSetField config */
    dsfConfig1.field.variable.rtValueSource.rtInformationModelNode = UA_TRUE;
    dsfConfig1.field.variable.publishParameters.publishedVariable =  UA_NODEID_NUMERIC(nsIdx, 2006);
    UA_Server_addDataSetField(server, publishedDataSetIdent, &dsfConfig1, &dataSetFieldIdent1);


WriterGroup handling

The WriterGroup (WG) is part of the connection and contains the primary configuration parameters for the message creation.

static void
addWriterGroup(UA_Server *server) {
    UA_WriterGroupConfig writerGroupConfig;
    memset(&writerGroupConfig, 0, sizeof(UA_WriterGroupConfig));               = UA_STRING("Demo WriterGroup");
    writerGroupConfig.publishingInterval = cycleTimeMsec;
    writerGroupConfig.enabled            = UA_FALSE;
    writerGroupConfig.encodingMimeType   = UA_PUBSUB_ENCODING_UADP;
    writerGroupConfig.writerGroupId      = WRITER_GROUP_ID;
    writerGroupConfig.rtLevel            = UA_PUBSUB_RT_FIXED_SIZE;
    writerGroupConfig.pubsubManagerCallback.addCustomCallback = addPubSubApplicationCallback;
    writerGroupConfig.pubsubManagerCallback.changeCustomCallback = changePubSubApplicationCallback;
    writerGroupConfig.pubsubManagerCallback.removeCustomCallback = removePubSubApplicationCallback;

    writerGroupConfig.messageSettings.encoding             = UA_EXTENSIONOBJECT_DECODED;
    writerGroupConfig.messageSettings.content.decoded.type = &UA_TYPES[UA_TYPES_UADPWRITERGROUPMESSAGEDATATYPE];
    /* The configuration flags for the messages are encapsulated inside the
     * message- and transport settings extension objects. These extension
     * objects are defined by the standard. e.g.
     * UadpWriterGroupMessageDataType */
    UA_UadpWriterGroupMessageDataType *writerGroupMessage  = UA_UadpWriterGroupMessageDataType_new();
    /* Change message settings of writerGroup to send PublisherId,
     * WriterGroupId in GroupHeader and DataSetWriterId in PayloadHeader
     * of NetworkMessage */
    writerGroupMessage->networkMessageContentMask          = (UA_UadpNetworkMessageContentMask)(UA_UADPNETWORKMESSAGECONTENTMASK_PUBLISHERID |
                                                              (UA_UadpNetworkMessageContentMask)UA_UADPNETWORKMESSAGECONTENTMASK_GROUPHEADER |
                                                              (UA_UadpNetworkMessageContentMask)UA_UADPNETWORKMESSAGECONTENTMASK_WRITERGROUPID |
                                                              (UA_UadpNetworkMessageContentMask)UA_UADPNETWORKMESSAGECONTENTMASK_PAYLOADHEADER); = writerGroupMessage;
    UA_Server_addWriterGroup(server, connectionIdent, &writerGroupConfig, &writerGroupIdent);
    UA_Server_setWriterGroupOperational(server, writerGroupIdent);

DataSetWriter handling

A DataSetWriter (DSW) is the glue between the WG and the PDS. The DSW is linked to exactly one PDS and contains additional information for the message generation.

static void
addDataSetWriter(UA_Server *server) {
    UA_NodeId dataSetWriterIdent;
    UA_DataSetWriterConfig dataSetWriterConfig;
    memset(&dataSetWriterConfig, 0, sizeof(UA_DataSetWriterConfig));            = UA_STRING("Demo DataSetWriter");
    dataSetWriterConfig.dataSetWriterId = DATA_SET_WRITER_ID;
    dataSetWriterConfig.keyFrameCount   = 10;
    UA_Server_addDataSetWriter(server, writerGroupIdent, publishedDataSetIdent,
                               &dataSetWriterConfig, &dataSetWriterIdent);

Published data handling

The published data is updated in the array using this function

static void
updateMeasurementsPublisher(struct timespec start_time,
                            UA_UInt64 counterValue, UA_Double pressureValue) {
    publishTimestamp[measurementsPublisher]        = start_time;
    publishCounterValue[measurementsPublisher]     = counterValue;
    pressureValues[measurementsPublisher]          = pressureValue;

Publisher thread routine

The Publisher thread sleeps for 60% of the cycletime (250us) and prepares the tranmission packet within 40% of cycletime. The data published by this thread in one cycle is subscribed by the subscriber thread of pubsub_nodeset_rt_subscriber in the next cycle (two cycle timing model).

The publisherETF function is the routine used by the publisher thread.

void *publisherETF(void *arg) {
    struct timespec   nextnanosleeptime;
    UA_ServerCallback pubCallback;
    UA_Server*        server;
    UA_WriterGroup*   currentWriterGroup;
    UA_UInt64         interval_ns;
    UA_UInt64         transmission_time;

    /* Initialise value for nextnanosleeptime timespec */
    nextnanosleeptime.tv_nsec                      = 0;

    threadArg *threadArgumentsPublisher = (threadArg *)arg;
    server                              = threadArgumentsPublisher->server;
    pubCallback                         = threadArgumentsPublisher->callback;
    currentWriterGroup                  = (UA_WriterGroup *)threadArgumentsPublisher->data;
    interval_ns                         = (UA_UInt64)(threadArgumentsPublisher->interval_ms * MILLI_SECONDS);

    /* Get current time and compute the next nanosleeptime */
    clock_gettime(CLOCKID, &nextnanosleeptime);
    /* Variable to nano Sleep until 1ms before a 1 second boundary */
    nextnanosleeptime.tv_sec                      += SECONDS_SLEEP;
    nextnanosleeptime.tv_nsec                      = (__syscall_slong_t)(cycleTimeMsec * pubWakeupPercentage * MILLI_SECONDS);

    /* Define Ethernet ETF transport settings */
    UA_EthernetWriterGroupTransportDataType ethernettransportSettings;
    memset(&ethernettransportSettings, 0, sizeof(UA_EthernetWriterGroupTransportDataType));
    ethernettransportSettings.transmission_time = 0;

    /* Encapsulate ETF config in transportSettings */
    UA_ExtensionObject transportSettings;
    memset(&transportSettings, 0, sizeof(UA_ExtensionObject));
    /* TODO: transportSettings encoding and type to be defined */       = &ethernettransportSettings;
    currentWriterGroup->config.transportSettings = transportSettings;
    UA_UInt64 roundOffCycleTime                  = (UA_UInt64)((cycleTimeMsec * MILLI_SECONDS) - (cycleTimeMsec * pubWakeupPercentage * MILLI_SECONDS));

    while (running) {
        clock_nanosleep(CLOCKID, TIMER_ABSTIME, &nextnanosleeptime, NULL);
        transmission_time                           = ((UA_UInt64)nextnanosleeptime.tv_sec * SECONDS + (UA_UInt64)nextnanosleeptime.tv_nsec) + roundOffCycleTime + QBV_OFFSET;
        ethernettransportSettings.transmission_time = transmission_time;
        pubCallback(server, currentWriterGroup);
        nextnanosleeptime.tv_nsec                   += (__syscall_slong_t)interval_ns;


    return (void*)NULL;

UserApplication thread routine

The userapplication thread will wakeup at 30% of cycle time and handles the userdata in the Information Model. This thread is used to increment the counterdata that will be published by the Publisher thread and also writes the published data in a csv.

void *userApplicationPub(void *arg) {
    struct timespec nextnanosleeptimeUserApplication;
    /* Get current time and compute the next nanosleeptime */
    clock_gettime(CLOCKID, &nextnanosleeptimeUserApplication);
    /* Variable to nano Sleep until 1ms before a 1 second boundary */
    nextnanosleeptimeUserApplication.tv_sec                      += SECONDS_SLEEP;
    nextnanosleeptimeUserApplication.tv_nsec                      = (__syscall_slong_t)(cycleTimeMsec * userAppWakeupPercentage * MILLI_SECONDS);
    *pubCounterData      = 0;
    while (running) {
        clock_nanosleep(CLOCKID, TIMER_ABSTIME, &nextnanosleeptimeUserApplication, NULL);
        *pubCounterData      = *pubCounterData + 1;
        *pressureData        = *pressureData + 1;
        clock_gettime(CLOCKID, &dataModificationTime);
        if ((fileWrite == UA_TRUE) || (consolePrint == UA_TRUE))
            updateMeasurementsPublisher(dataModificationTime, *pubCounterData, *pressureData);
        nextnanosleeptimeUserApplication.tv_nsec += (__syscall_slong_t)(cycleTimeMsec * MILLI_SECONDS);

    return (void*)NULL;

Thread creation

The threadcreation functionality creates thread with given threadpriority, coreaffinity. The function returns the threadID of the newly created thread.

static pthread_t threadCreation(UA_Int32 threadPriority, UA_Int32 coreAffinity, void *(*thread) (void *), char *applicationName, void *serverConfig){

    /* Core affinity set */
    cpu_set_t           cpuset;
    pthread_t           threadID;
    struct sched_param  schedParam;
    UA_Int32         returnValue         = 0;
    UA_Int32         errorSetAffinity    = 0;
    /* Return the ID for thread */
    threadID = pthread_self();
    schedParam.sched_priority = threadPriority;
    returnValue = pthread_setschedparam(threadID, SCHED_FIFO, &schedParam);
    if (returnValue != 0) {
        UA_LOG_INFO(UA_Log_Stdout, UA_LOGCATEGORY_USERLAND,"pthread_setschedparam: failed\n");
                "\npthread_setschedparam:%s Thread priority is %d \n", \
                applicationName, schedParam.sched_priority);
    CPU_SET((size_t)coreAffinity, &cpuset);
    errorSetAffinity = pthread_setaffinity_np(threadID, sizeof(cpu_set_t), &cpuset);
    if (errorSetAffinity) {
        fprintf(stderr, "pthread_setaffinity_np: %s\n", strerror(errorSetAffinity));

    returnValue = pthread_create(&threadID, NULL, thread, serverConfig);
    if (returnValue != 0) {
        UA_LOG_INFO(UA_Log_Stdout, UA_LOGCATEGORY_USERLAND,":%s Cannot create thread\n", applicationName);

    if (CPU_ISSET((size_t)coreAffinity, &cpuset)) {
        UA_LOG_INFO(UA_Log_Stdout, UA_LOGCATEGORY_USERLAND,"%s CPU CORE: %d\n", applicationName, coreAffinity);

   return threadID;


Usage function

The usage function gives the list of options that can be configured in the application.

./bin/examples/pubsub_nodeset_rt_publisher -h gives the list of options for running the application.

static void usage(char *appname)
        "usage: %s [options]\n"
        " -i [name]     use network interface 'name'\n"
        " -C [num]      cycle time in milli seconds (default %lf)\n"
        " -p            Do you need to print the data in console output\n"
        " -s [num]      set SO_PRIORITY to 'num' (default %d)\n"
        " -P [num]      Publisher priority value (default %d)\n"
        " -U [num]      User application priority value (default %d)\n"
        " -c [num]      run on CPU for publisher'num'(default %d)\n"
        " -u [num]      run on CPU for userApplication'num'(default %d)\n"
        " -t            do not use SO_TXTIME\n"
        " -m [mac_addr] ToDO:dst MAC address\n"
        " -h            prints this message and exits\n"

Main Server code

The main function contains publisher threads running

int main(int argc, char **argv) {
    signal(SIGINT, stopHandler);
    signal(SIGTERM, stopHandler);

    UA_Int32         returnValue         = 0;
    char             *interface          = NULL;
    char             *progname;
    UA_Int32         argInputs           = -1;
    UA_StatusCode    retval              = UA_STATUSCODE_GOOD;
    UA_Server       *server              = UA_Server_new();
    UA_ServerConfig *config              = UA_Server_getConfig(server);
    pthread_t        userThreadID;
    UA_ServerConfig_setMinimal(config, PORT_NUMBER, NULL);

    /* Files namespace_example_publisher_generated.h and namespace_example_publisher_generated.c are created from
     * pubDataModel.xml in the /src_generated directory by CMake */
    /* Loading the user created variables into the information model from the generated .c and .h files */
    if(namespace_example_publisher_generated(server) != UA_STATUSCODE_GOOD) {
        UA_LOG_ERROR(UA_Log_Stdout, UA_LOGCATEGORY_SERVER, "Could not add the example nodeset. "
                     "Check previous output for any error.");
        nsIdx = UA_Server_addNamespace(server, "");

    UA_NetworkAddressUrlDataType networkAddressUrlPub;

    /* Process the command line arguments */
    /* For more information run ./bin/examples/pubsub_nodeset_rt_publisher -h */
    progname = strrchr(argv[0], '/');
    progname = progname ? 1 + progname : argv[0];
    while (EOF != (argInputs = getopt(argc, argv, "i:C:f:ps:P:U:c:u:tm:h:"))) {
        switch (argInputs) {
            case 'i':
                interface = optarg;
            case 'C':
                cycleTimeMsec = atof(optarg);
            case 'f':
                fileName = optarg;
                fileWrite = UA_TRUE;
                fpPublisher = fopen(fileName, "w");
            case 'p':
                consolePrint = UA_TRUE;
            case 's':
                socketPriority = atoi(optarg);
            case 'P':
                pubPriority = atoi(optarg);
            case 'U':
                userAppPriority = atoi(optarg);
            case 'c':
                pubSubCore = atoi(optarg);
            case 'u':
                userAppCore = atoi(optarg);
            case 't':
                useSoTxtime = UA_FALSE;
            case 'm':
                /*ToDo:Need to handle for mac address*/
            case 'h':
                return -1;
            case '?':
                return -1;

    if (cycleTimeMsec < 0.125) {
        UA_LOG_ERROR(UA_Log_Stdout, UA_LOGCATEGORY_SERVER, "%f Bad cycle time", cycleTimeMsec);
        return -1;

    if (!interface) {
        UA_LOG_ERROR(UA_Log_Stdout, UA_LOGCATEGORY_SERVER, "Need a network interface to run");
        return -1;

    networkAddressUrlPub.networkInterface = UA_STRING(interface);
    networkAddressUrlPub.url              = UA_STRING(PUBLISHING_MAC_ADDRESS);

    /* It is possible to use multiple PubSubTransportLayers on runtime.
     * The correct factory is selected on runtime by the standard defined
     * PubSub TransportProfileUri's. */
    UA_ServerConfig_addPubSubTransportLayer(config, UA_PubSubTransportLayerEthernet());

    addPubSubConnection(server, &networkAddressUrlPub);
    UA_Server_freezeWriterGroupConfiguration(server, writerGroupIdent);

    serverConfigStruct *serverConfig;
    serverConfig            = (serverConfigStruct*)UA_malloc(sizeof(serverConfigStruct));
    serverConfig->ServerRun = server;
    char threadNameUserApplication[22] = "UserApplicationPub";
    userThreadID                       = threadCreation(userAppPriority, userAppCore, userApplicationPub, threadNameUserApplication, serverConfig);
    retval |= UA_Server_run(server, &running);
    returnValue = pthread_join(pubthreadID, NULL);
    if (returnValue != 0) {
        UA_LOG_INFO(UA_Log_Stdout, UA_LOGCATEGORY_USERLAND,"\nPthread Join Failed for publisher thread:%d\n", returnValue);
    returnValue = pthread_join(userThreadID, NULL);
    if (returnValue != 0) {
        UA_LOG_INFO(UA_Log_Stdout, UA_LOGCATEGORY_USERLAND,"\nPthread Join Failed for User thread:%d\n", returnValue);

    if (fileWrite == UA_TRUE) {
        /* Write the published data in a file */
        size_t pubLoopVariable               = 0;
        for (pubLoopVariable = 0; pubLoopVariable < measurementsPublisher;
             pubLoopVariable++) {
            fprintf(fpPublisher, "%ld,%ld.%09ld,%lf\n",
    if (consolePrint == UA_TRUE) {
        size_t pubLoopVariable               = 0;
        for (pubLoopVariable = 0; pubLoopVariable < measurementsPublisher;
             pubLoopVariable++) {

    /* Free external data source */
    /* Free external data source */
    return (int)retval;